Home l History Main Page

This is Paper 4 and your depth study. You write one question in Paper 1 (5 - 7 - 8 Marks) and all of Paper 4 (40 Marks).

First an overview:

1919 - 23 The Birth of the Weimar Republic.

1923 - October 1929 The Golden Years

October 1929 - March 1933 The Death of Weimar

March 1933 - August 1934 Hitler gains total power

September 1934 - 1945 Life In Nazi Germany

1919 - 23 The Birth of the Weimar Republic.

Nov 1918 – Sept 1923
Birth –
The Years of Crisis (I)

War, revolution and defeat.
‘Diktat’ of Versailles.
Coups from the Left and Right.
Political instability.
Occupation of the Ruhr.
Wilheim II

Was Weimar doomed from the start?
How did Weimar survive?
Which was the greatest danger – hard left or right?

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

Focus Points:

How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of World War 1?
The Revolution of November 1918 and the founding of the republic.
The Weimar Constitution. Main political divisions. The role of the army.
Political disorder and coups 1919 – 23.
What was the impact of Versailles on the Republic?
German reactions to Versailles.
Economic crises and hyper-inflation; occupation of the Ruhr.
Return to Top of the page

1923 - October 1929 The Golden Years (?)

Sept 1923 – Oct 1929
The Years of Recovery

Failure of Munich Putsch.
Decline of the extremists.
Dawes Plan.
Locarno and entry to the League.

Why did Weimar recover? Was it all an illusion?
What did Stresemann achieve?
Was Stresemann a good European or just another German nationalist?
Why did the Nazi (and KPD) vote decline?

To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923?
Stresemann era (1923 – 29).
What were the achievements of the Weimar Republic?
Cultural achievements of the Weimar period.
#Top|Return to Top of the page

October 1929 - March 1933 The Death of Weimar

Oct 1929 – 1933
Death –
The Years of Crisis (II)

Stresemann’s death.
Wall Street Crash.
Hindenberg’s rule by decree.
Resurgence of Nazis and KPD
The decline of the centre parties.
Hitler becomes Chancellor.

Why did Nazi fortunes revive?
How did Hitler achieve power?
Who was to blame?
Could Hitler have been stopped?
Was the economic crash the only reason for the Nazis’ success?

Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

Focus Points:

What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s?
The early years of the Nazi Party. Nazi ideas and methods. The Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch. The roles of Hitler and other Nazi leaders.
Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930?
Same as above.
Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in 1933?
The impact of the 1929 Economic Depression. Political/Social/Economic crises of 1930-33. The reasons for the Nazis rise to power. Hitler takes power.
How far did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933-34?
The Reichstag fire. The election of 1933. The Enabling Act. The Night of the Long Knives. The death of Hindenberg.
Return to Top of the page

The Nazi regime:

(a) How effectively did the Nazis control Germany from 1933 to 1945?

Focus Points:
How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime?
Opposition to Nazi rule.
How effectively did the Nazis deal with political opponents?
The removal of opposition. Methods of control and repression.
How did the Nazis use culture and mass media to control the people?
The use of culture and mass media.
Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society?
Different experiences of Nazi rule: anti-Semitism. The persecution of minorities.
Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?
As above.

(b) What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?

Focus Points:
How did young people react to the Nazi regime?
Different experiences of Nazi rule: young people.
How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family?
Different experiences of Nazi rule: women.
Did most people benefit from Nazi rule?
Economic policy including rearmament.
How did the coming of the war change life in Nazi Germany?
Impact of World War 2 on Germany. Conversion to a war economy.
The Final Solution.

Return to Top of the page