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Here it is the History Main Page. Any general material is here.

From here you can reach the other (specialised) pages:
Origins of World War 1,
The Versailles Treaties and The League to 1929,
Origins of World War 2,
The Cold War 1945 - 1962

Depth Study: Germany 1919 1945
Sources : Origins of World War 1

First we have a General Guide to how to do the Exam itself.....

IGCSE History guide – the Cornish way.

Paper 1; 3 x 5 – 7 – 8 (60 Marks, 40% of total exam)
Choose 2 of the following:
1. Origins of World War 1
2. The Versailles Treaties and The League to 1929
3. Origins of World War 2

4. The Cold War 1945 - 1962 and (sometimes) Vietnam


I recommend you pick:
WW1 (as it is relatively easy and its on the Sources Paper as well)
AND
The Peace Treaties and the League. (You can use MAIN to explain what Wilson and the League were trying to prevent).
Choose either of the other two (which are big areas to cover) as a back up.


You also have to answer a 5 – 7 – 8 on Germany 1919 1945 You are offered a choice of two questions.
One will cover Germany 1919 – 1934 (up to Hitler becoming Fuhrer)
The second covers Germany 1929 – 1945 (i.e. The rise of the Nazis to Life in the Nazi State).


Don't try to be clever and just revise 1929 – 1934 as that period sometimes isn't covered by either question! Any revision done for this question can also be recycled on Paper 4.


Paper 2 (Sources, 50 Marks 33% of the exam)
This year we have a choice:
Origins of World War 1
OR
Origins of World War 2

Based on your exam results etc., I suggest that you go for Origins of WW1 (you're good at it and also you almost certainly revised for it on Paper 1).


First read over my guide to tackling Source Questions.


For all questions:
  1. Make your opinion clear. Explain why you think something is so.
  2. Use all the sources referred to in the question – and refer to them by name. (Source A states... etc).
  3. Quote or paraphrase.
  4. For the final question – the big one – group the sources into three sets.
The first set agree with the statement. (Sources A, C, D and G agree with this statement..) Then explain how each one does just that.
The second group disagree . (Sources B, E and F disagree with this statement..)
Also explain how.
The third group don't agree or disagree. Explain why.
5. Add in any historical knowledge that justifies/explains your answer, even if it isn't in the sources.


You won't have much time pressure in Paper 2 but do leave about 45 minutes for the final question.

Paper 4. (Germany 1919 1945, 40 Marks, 27 % of the exam)


You have 60 minutes to do this, so don't hang around. Give each of the two questions 30 minutes each.


Question 1: 6 – 7 – 7 (2 Sources A & B)


Question 2: 2 – 4 – 6 – 8


Question 1 will be divided into three parts a) b) and c)
a) Comment on Source A
b) Comment on Source B
c) either Compare each source or say which one you think is more useful.


As with Paper 2, name each source you use and quote from it to support your opinion.


i.e. “I think Source A is more useful as it is a primary source written in 1934. This tells us how people saw the Night of the Long Knives and how they first reacted. Source B was written by a historian in 1998. Although he knows what the consequences and long term effects were, Source B doesn't really explain why Germans didn't question Hitler's actions in summer 1934. they didn't and so it allowed Hitler to become Fuhrer in August 1934 without trouble.”


Question 2 requires certain tricks.


a) 2 Mark question. This wants two facts: maybe two names (Ebert and Hindenburg) or two events (the Kapp Putsch and the Spartikist Uprising). Answer this in 1 or (maximum) 2 sentences.


b) 4 Mark question. This wants either 2 facts and 2 explanations/examples OR 4 facts.
(Usually 2 + 2).


How did the Nazis help the workers?


The Nazis first rapidly reduced unemployment. This meant there was some (low paid) work for nearly everyone. Not many workers got rich, but nobody feared losing his job any more. Second, the 'Strength through Joy' movement improved their working lives. Either they improved factories etc. with new canteens – for example or they organised day trips and holidays for workers and their families.


Get a) and b) done in about 5 minutes maximum. DON'T waste time with long answers here – you won't get extra marks.


c) 6 Mark question. Normally 3 examples and 3 explanations. The quick way is to write a brief introduction (naming your points) then write 3 paragraphs (1 example, 1 paragraph) and quick conclusion.